The novel coronavirus is transmitted through droplets when we sneeze, cough or talk.
The virus is absorbed by the mucosa – most often by the mucosa of the mouth, nose or eyes.
The primary source of infection is direct contact between people. Therefore:
- Keep your distance to others – to prevent yourself from being infected or from passing on the infection
- Use your sleeve to cough and sneeze – not your hands
The virus can also be transmitted indirectly, for example if you touch a door handle contaminated by an infected person who has also touched it or coughed on it.
You will not become ill with COVID-19 just because you get virus on your skin, for example on your hands.
However, we often rub our eyes, scratch our nose or touch our mouth – often even unconsciously – and this habit may make us transfer the virus to a mucosal surface.
Your hands may also transfer the virus when you touch things like cabinet doors, computers and toilet flush knobs. Therefore:
- Wash your hands frequently and thoroughly
- Clean contact surfaces at home and at work